Geography of GurugramThe city of Gurugram comprises mounds on one side and depressed geological formation on the other side, shaping atypical and diverse nature of surface features within the region.
Two long narrow ranges of hills, that is to say, Firojpur Jhirka - Delhi elevation constitutes the westerly limit and Delhi elevation constitutes the easterly limit of the Gurugram district. These mounds are a northerly sequel of Aravalli hills. The northwest side of the territory is covered up with ridges of sand created by the wind due to the south western winds.
The lengthiness of the Aravalli hills and the presence of ridges of sand created by the wind Conjointly build the unique physical geography of the territory. The drain of the territory is distinctive of fields lacking sufficient water or rainfall. It consists of big depressed geological formation and seasonal currents. Significant depressed geological formations of the territory are Najafgarh Lake, Chandani Lake, Khalilpur Lake, Sangel - Ujhina Lake and Kotla Dahar Lake. The two most important seasonal currents of the Gurugram distict are Indrani and Sahibi.
Gurugram Quick FactsLocation of Gurugram - Southern most region of Haryana
Coordinates - 27° 39’ and 28° 32’25’’ latitude, and 76° 39’ 30’’ and 77° 20’ 45’’ longitude
Total Area - 176.5 sq mi
Elevation - 711.9 ft above the sea level
Climate of GurugramThe city of Gurugram sees a monsoon-influenced wet semitropical climate. The city goes through four distinguishable times of year - summer, winter, autumn and spring and the monsoon time of year kicking in the summer end.
The climatic conditions report received from the meteorological lookout station of Gurugram brings out that from the end of the month of February, the mercury begins to go upwards in a steady pace till the month of May. The month of May and June are hottest months as the daily temperature of Gurugram are as high as 40o C as average high and the average minimum daily temperature is about 25o C. The average maximum temperature alters as the daylights are even hotter in the month of May when compared to the month of June.
The same applies with the cooler climatic conditions too where the month of May enjoy cooler climate at night when compared to the month of June. The month of April marks the blistering westbound dust-covered air current create heat waves, and the atmospheric condition of the territory turns extremely hot. The month of May witnesses daily temperature as high as 45 C. However, thunder storms bring great relief from the heat.
The progression of monsoon currents into the region by June end marks the drop in temperature and the atmospheric condition turns relatively cool. The middle of September marks the withdrawal of monsoon, which creates no alterations in the day time temperature. On the other hand, the night temperatures commence to dip more and more.
The period of time between the months of Oct and Jan experience a rapid drop in the temperature and January enjoys the coldest climatic conditions of the year. During the cold atmospheric conditions, the district of Gurugram is struck by cold waves and the minimum temperature even goes down to melting point.
Seasons of Gurugram
- Summer - March to June
- Winter - Late November to February
- Autumn - Mid September to late November
- Rainy Season - July to mid September
Rainfall in Gurugram
- Average annual rainfall - 714 mm
- Average annual rainy days - 39.1
- Wettest Months - July and August